Clomid is a generic brand of the prescription drug clomiphene. In women, Clomid boosts fertility by stimulating egg release and in men, Clomid increases sperm production. Clomid belongs to a class of drugs known as selective estrogen modulators. This class of drugs binds to areas where estrogen also binds to (outside of the cell), it either enhance or decrease the effects of estrogen.

Clomid in men

No major study has supported the effect of Clomid improving fertility in men, but some doctors still prescribe Clomid to boosts sperm production.

Clomid Dose and Dosage Forms

Clomid is available in 50mg tablets. For a woman who wants to get pregnant but has trouble with ovulation; start Clomid medication with 50mg daily for 5 days within your monthly cycle. For a woman whose period is not regular, start Clomid use on day 5 of your period and use for up to 6 cycles. After taking a 50mg dose of Clomid and you still didn’t ovulate, your doctor may increase the dosage to 100mg for 5days. However, do not take more than 100mg daily. Men that wants to boost sperm production should take 25mg of Clomid daily and should be taken for 25 days within a month. About 70% of women who take Clomid medication will ovulate, and 40% of them will likely get pregnant. A low dose of Clomid may not be enough for you, your doctor might need to increase the dosage.

Side Effects of Clomid

Common side effects associated with Clomid medication includes nausea and vomiting, breast tenderness, headaches, unusual bleeding between cycles, nervousness, tiredness, swelling of the ovaries and blurry vision. In addition, Clomid also has some severe side effects; ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, multiple pregnancies, stomach pain and swelling in the abdominal area near the ovaries. Patients should be advised that administering Clomid for a long period of time increases the risk of the possibility of ovarian cancer.

Warning:

Do not take Clomid with alcohol: they both cause dizziness, nausea, and vomiting, distorting of vision; drinking alcohol with Clomid may worsen the effect.
Also, patients should be advised on the risk of taking Clomid with bexarotene- it causes inflammation of the pancreas. Inform your doctor about allergies you have before starting Clomid. Patients who have liver disease, thyroid disease, pituitary gland tumor, adrenal gland disorder, head injury, endometrial cancer and cysts on the ovary should inform their doctors before administering Clomid medication.

Patient taking Clomid for fertility should be warned that tumors may arise in their testicles.
Before you start Clomid medication, inform your doctor about all medications you are taking; these includes prescription, over the counter medications, vitamins, nutritional supplements, herbal remedies and recreational drugs.