Cipro is the generic brand name of ciprofloxacin. Cipro belongs to the family of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones. Cipro is a prescription drug used to treat or prevent infections caused by different species of bacteria which includes enterococcus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, salmonella, anthrax and pseudomonas. Cipro is used for the treatment of skin infections, urinary tract infections, bone and joint infection, gonorrhea, typhoid fever, diarrhea caused by bacteria, pneumonia, prostatitis, and sinusitis.

Cipro Dosage

Dosages of Cipro depends on the type of infection. Cipro is available in regular and extended-release tablets, and also in a liquid form. Regular tablets are available in 250, 500 and 750mg. People suffering from uncomplicated gonorrhea infection should take a single dose of 250mg. Those suffering from uncomplicated urinary tract infection should take 250mg every 6 hours for three days. For bacterial diarrhea, take 500mg every 12 hours for five to seven days; for acute sinusitis, take 500mg every 12hours for 10days; for severe pneumonia, take 750mg every 12hours for 7 to 14 days; for mild bone or joint infection, use 500mg every 12hours for four to six weeks. Tablets should be swallowed whole, not crushed, split or chewed.

Cipro Side Effects

Common side effects of Cipro are nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and rash; inform your doctor of these side effects. Cipro also has some not too common side effect which includes headache, stomach ache, body aches, heartburn, sensitive skin and loss of appetite. Withdraw Cipro and call your doctor immediately once you experience these side effects; seizure, unusual thoughts, dizziness, suicidal thoughts, chest pain, bloody diarrhea, skin rash, difficult breathing or swallowing, loss of consciousness, sudden bruising or bleeding, swelling of the face, yellowing of the skin, weakness and pain near a joint.


Cipro might increase the danger of swelling and tearing of tendons. The probability of a tendon damage is greater if you combine Cipro with a steroid medication or if you are older than 60. Hallucinations, tremor, seizures, confusion, depression and dizziness are some of the symptoms of changes in brain activity caused by Cipro medication- although this affects people who have a history of seizure.

Cipro will likely cause a severe reaction known as anaphylaxis if you have an allergic reaction to Cipro. This reaction is life threatening and it includes throat swelling and difficulty in breathing. It is important to know that once you start Cipro medication, you have to finish the medication. Do not stop Cipro medication abruptly; like other antibiotics your infection will likely come back if you don’t finish the course of the medication. Patients suffering from depression, asthma, heart condition, tendon injury, liver and kidney disease should take Cipro medication with caution.

It is important that you inform your doctor about the medications you are on, and this includes OTC antacids- antacids which contain magnesium, calcium, aluminum or zinc can interfere with Cipro. Do not take blood thinners, anti-seizure medications, medications that contain caffeine, water pills, arthritis drug methotrexate, Zanaflex, immunosuppressant cyclosporine and ibuprofen in combination with Cipro. Cipro should be used only against bacteria infections; using Cipro against virus infections increases the chances of bacterial infections resistance to Cipro.